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Everything You Need to Know About Deer Farming

Anyone interested in starting a new and, perhaps lucrative, pursuit might look into deer farming. Keeping deer for their meat, antlers, and skins is what this entails. Deer farming, like the raising of any animal, is an endeavor that calls for a significant commitment of time and resources.

Everything from breeding to feeding to management strategies for your herd of deer may be found in this article.


With raising deer, breeding is essential. The months of September through December are the prime breeding times for deer. Farmers of deer can either rely on natural reproduction or use artificial insemination.

In deer farming, artificial insemination is frequently employed since it is safer and more dependable than natural breeding. While breeding deer, it’s crucial that the doe be both healthy and sexually mature (which typically occurs between the ages of 12 and 18).

Breeding by Nature

Having the bucks and mates freely is essential for natural breeding. The strongest buck in the herd will usually win the battle for the favor of the does and go on to become the alpha male. Does typically have one or two young at a time after a pregnancy that lasts around 200 days.

Artificial Insemination

In artificial insemination, a catheter is used to remove a buck’s sperm and inject it into a doe. In comparison to natural breeding, this approach is safer and more consistent. Farmers that use artificial insemination for breeding with a superior buck often don’t even have to move the animals.

Embryo Implantation

Deer farmers also employ embryo transfer. The process entails removing embryos from one doe and implanting them into a surrogate doe. This practice is frequently employed to spread advantageous genes or to produce endangered or critically endangered animals.


Grass, leaves, bark, and twigs are just a few of the plant foods that deer eat. They are also a concern for farmers since they consume crop plants. To keep their deer healthy and guarantee they develop to their full potential, deer farmers must feed them a varied diet. A healthy diet results in superior meat and antlers from your deer.


Grazing is the most natural way to feed deer. Farmers can provide pasture for their deer to graze, but it is important to ensure that the pasture is of high quality and has a variety of plants. Additionally, farmers must ensure that the deer have access to clean water.

Food Supplements

Deer can also be fed supplements to improve their nutritional profile. Farmers may feed their deer a variety of forages, including hay, alfalfa, and other plants. Feeding deer is a common practice, and deer feeders are useful for dispersing food and luring or retaining deer in a specific region.

Vitamins and Minerals

Deers also require a diet rich in minerals and vitamins. Farmers may help their deer stay healthy by feeding them mineral blocks or vitamin and mineral supplements. These dietary aids ensure the deer get what they need for proper development and wellness.


Deer farms need careful maintenance to keep the deer healthy and productive. Keeping an eye on the animals, controlling their environment, and making sure they have a safe place to sleep are all essential parts of animal management.

Health Monitoring

Farmers of deer should check on their herds’ health regularly. Common vaccines and parasite treatments should be administered to them. Farmers should also keep an eye out for injuries and illnesses and get in touch with a vet if they have any concerns.

Habitat Management

Deer farming relies heavily on well-managed habitats. Farmers have a responsibility to provide for their livestock, making sure they have access to clean water, nutritious food, and a safe place to stay out of the elements if necessary. Farmers should also take care to manage their property so that deer may thrive there. Cover crops can be planted and vegetation can be managed to offer natural feed for the deer.

Suitable Housing

Shelter is essential for deer since they are vulnerable to the environment and predators. Farmers should build deer shelters large enough to house the entire herd. The floor of the shelter should be dry, and it should have enough air circulation. Farmers can build a shelter out of several different materials, such as wood, metal, or PVC.

In Conclusion

Deer farming is a unique and potentially profitable business that requires proper breeding, feeding, and management. It has the potential to be a fruitful and beneficial enterprise with the correct tools and strategy.

So, if you’re thinking of venturing into deer farming, don’t hesitate to give it a shot!

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